21 min read
Choosing the Right Framework: Angular, React, or Vue
Choosing the right programming language and framework can be a daunting task, especially when you are not a technical person: there are multiple options available and comparisons on the web are often vague.
Angular vs React vs Vue: History
Before the release of Angular, a Google employee, Miško Hevery, was working on a side project with the intent of simplifying the development process for building web applications. Hevery decided to implement MVC architecture into it. Later on, this side project came into shape and now is known as AngularJS. The name “Angular” refers to the use of angle brackets “< >” in HTML.
The framework has been used by many famous companies for their websites and applications, including the following:
- Microsoft Office
- Deutsche Bank
The Angular framework is known for its ability to handle complex data structures and user interfaces, which is essential and useful in building large-scale applications by Angular.js developers, enterprise software, and long-term app development.
The boom and popularity of React are due to its useful features, including its component-based architecture, easily understandable JSX syntax, unidirectional data flow, Virtual DOM, and one of the largest and most active communities.
React’s Virtual DOM is a lightweight representation of the actual DOM that allows React developers to efficiently render and update React elements on the web page. React Native developers build cross-platform mobile apps with a soft and smooth UI quickly.
The latest version of the React.js library is 18th, and the new features — like concurrency mechanisms for development teams to prepare multiple variations of a page’s UI at once that allow building even better performative websites — are loved by React.js developers. Because in React.js engineers utilize reusable components across the code base, the UI library is often used for prototyping in early-stage startups.
Due to the versatility of React, it is used by numerous top companies for their products, including Meta, Airbnb, Discord, Pinterest, Skype, and others.
Evan You wanted to come up with a tool with the capabilities of AngularJS, but one that’s more lightweight and fast. As you would see later, when we’ll get to compare the two in more detail, a progressive framework, Vue.js, really managed to outperform even Angular 2+ in these aspects.
The latest version of the framework a Vue developer would use is a stable release v3.3.0-alpha.4. Vue’s MVC architecture allows developers to utilize it both in small and large-scale projects.
Angular vs React vs Vue: Popularity
Popularity rates will help you estimate how challenging the search for qualified candidates would be. Let’s analyze some recent surveys about the popularity of these three web development frameworks.
Vue Js vs React vs Angular: Statistics
The StackOverflow survey of 2022 shows that 42.62% of engineers they’ve used React in the past year. Subsequently, Angular was the second most popular, with 20.39% of engineers utilizing it, followed by Vue, used by 16.1%. So, React was one of the most popular web frameworks among countless developers around the world in 2022.
According to the States of JS, there’s been a continuous fluctuation in the popularity of these three front-end web development frameworks with time. The 2022 variation of this survey indicates that React remained consistently high in the past few years, with an 83% satisfaction rate, followed by Vue with 77% and Angular with 43%.
So, React is still widely used. It is the most popular web development front-end library, followed by Vue and Angular frameworks.
Angular Js vs React Js vs Vue Js: NPM Trends
Now let’s see the NPM trends graph to analyze the popularity of React, Angular, and Vue.
According to the NPM trends graph, React has consistently been the most popular library among the three frameworks, followed by Vue, which is gaining popularity over time day by day and even has crossed React with a short-term spike at some point.
Vue vs Angular vs React: Google Trends
Google trends is a powerful tool that allows users to track and analyze the states and popularity of specific search queries over a period of time from around the globe.
React library remains the most used query among the frameworks, followed by Angular and then Vue. However, the popularity of Vue is consistently increasing over time.
According to Google Trends, the popularity of web development frameworks in the United States is more or less consistent with the worldwide tendency.
The popularity of React, Angular, and Vue in China shows a slightly different trend compared to worldwide and US trends. Vue is the most popular framework among the others, but the gap between Vue and React is minor. Angular hasn’t gained much popularity over the past year in China and there are fewer Angular and React applications in the country.
Angular vs React vs Vue: Main Applications
When developing complex apps and dynamic web applications, there are several programming languages and development tools to choose from. Vue, Angular, and React are three popular JS tools that can be used to build a variety of web applications and mobile apps.
Both Angular and React can be used to build progressive web apps.
Angular is well-suited for building large-scale, enterprise-grade, complicated programs, while React is a great choice for building UI components and front-end-heavy applications. Finally, Vue is a versatile framework that can be used for a wide range of applications, from small to large, and is particularly good for building single-page applications (SPAs).
|Angular applications||Large-scale, enterprise-grade, single-page applications|
|React applications||UI components, front-end heavy apps, progressive webs apps|
|Vue applications||Small to large apps, single-page apps|
In general, these frameworks can be used to build progressive web applications, while React’s React Native can be used to build native mobile applications. Ultimately, the best framework for a project will depend on its specific requirements and constraints.
Angular vs React vs Vue: Performance Indicators
When developing web applications, performance indicators can be crucial. The importance of performance increases as the web app project becomes more complex and larger in scope.
With that said, let’s take a look at the performance indicators to analyze and make a comparison between Angular vs React vs Vue with the help of JS Framework Benchmark and Perf Track.
JS Framework Benchmark: Angular vs React vs Vue
The benchmark suite includes various tests to measure the performance of different aspects of JS frameworks, including rendering performance, memory usage, start-up time, handling more complex apps, and small- and large-scale user interactions.
However, there are some differences in performance when it comes to specific functionalities such as swapping and selecting rows — Vue.js is faster at swapping rows but slower at selecting rows compared to React and Angular. Angular, on the other hand, is slower when it comes to memory and booting time than React and Vue.
Perf Track: Angular vs Vue Js vs React
Perf Track uses five metrics.
|First Contentful Paint||Marks the point on the page’s loading timeline when a user is able to see what’s on the page for the first time.|
|Largest Contentful Paint||Defines how fast the page is loaded in its entirety.|
|Cumulative Layout Shift||Measures the frequency with which the user sees sudden changes/shifts in the page’s layout.|
|First Input Delay||Measures a timeline between the user’s interaction and the page’s response to it.|
|Time To First Byte||Defines how fast info about the first byte of the page is sent from the server.|
With that said, let’s analyze the differences between these three technologies according to these metrics.
|Metric||Good||Can be improved||Poor|
|First Contentful Paint||45%||23%||32%|
|Largest Contentful Paint||38%||22%||40%|
|Cumulative Layout Shift||62%||9%||29%|
|First Input Delay||87%||10%||4%|
|Time To First Byte||59%||28%||13%|
According to the above data, Angular is the slowest framework in terms of rendering a complete page, with only 38% of the websites scoring in the acceptable range for the Largest Contentful paint. Angular has performed well in terms of Time To First Byte, with 59% of websites scoring well in the Google range.
|Metric||Good||Can be improved||Poor|
|First Contentful Paint||60%||23%||17%|
|Largest Contentful Paint||60%||21%||19%|
|Cumulative Layout Shift||72%||8%||20%|
|First Input Delay||85%||8%||6%|
|Time To First Byte||47%||39%||14%|
The data shows that React performs well in terms of First Contentful Pain, Cumulative Layout Shift and First Input Delay, with around 60%, 72%, and 85% of websites scoring in the good range.
|Metrics||Good||Can be improved||Poor|
|First Contentful Paint||58%||21%||21%|
|Largest Contentful Paint||58%||20%||22%|
|Cumulative Layout Shift||68%||9%||23%|
|First Input Delay||87%||10%||3%|
|Time To First Byte||50%||33%||18%|
Vue, on the other hand, is one the fastest and most lightweight frameworks among the three. Vue also performs well in terms of First Contentful Paint and Cumulative Layout Shift, with 58% and 68% of websites scoring in the good range. Additionally, Vue excels in terms of First Input Delay with 87% of website scoring, which has outperformed Angular and React.
Angular vs React vs Vue: Comparison Table
Let’s make a comparison between Angular vs React vs Vue to help you understand the major difference between these three web development frameworks. When it comes to web development, choosing the right tools and technologies can make all the difference.
Let’s see the differences between Angular, React, and Vue.
|When can be used||Complex projects and large-scale apps||Prototypes, small- and medium-scale apps||Small to medium-scale apps|
|Support||Google, open-source community||Facebook, open-source community||Community-driven, open-source|
|Learning curve||Steep||Moderate||Easy to moderate|
|Rating on GitHub||83,000+ stars||269,000+ stars||233,000+ stars|
|Size||Large||Small||Small to medium|
|Data binding||Two-way data binding||Unidirectional||Bidirectional|
|Server Side Rendering (SSR)||Supported||Supported||Supported|
|Third-Party Integration||Limited support||Large ecosystem of libraries||Large ecosystem of libraries|
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Is Angular Better than React?
Also, it’s somewhat more useful to build a React app for web if you want to craft cross-platform mobile applications later with React Native. Of course, RN won’t give you the high, sleek quality of native mobile apps built with Kotlin or Swift, but it provides a solid technology stack for building beautiful iOS and Android apps nevertheless. (And it’s not really fair to compare native apps to those that have been built via cross-platform development).
Which Is Faster: Angular, React, or Vue?
Based on the above analysis and benchmark tests, we’ve learned that overall Vue has performed best followed closely by React. The same study has demonstrated that Angular has shown slightly lower performance scores compared to Vue and React. That is why Vue and React are most often used for creating single-app applications — speed and robustness are critical factors for them.
Why Is Angular Losing Popularity?
Angular is losing its popularity due to a few reasons, including its relatively steep learning curve, complex syntax, performance, and larger bundle size compared to other modern frameworks like Vue and React. Additionally, a major reason is the rise of React and Vue popularity has led to a shift in the developer’s preferences towards newer and lightweight frameworks.
Is Angular Still Relevant in 2023?
Yes, Angular is still relevant but even one of the most popular front-end frameworks in 2023. It is under active development, regularly maintaining and adding new features to it — and supplementing the new versions with detailed documentation. Additionally, global tech companies like Microsoft Office, Gmail, Samsung, PayPal, and others, still use Angular, which is proof that Angular is yet not out of the race. It’s especially useful for developing complex applications to be used by large businesses and enterprises.
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